San Jacinto: The Tower of Texas
The San Jacinto Monument, a 567.31 foot tower on the site of the Battle of San Jacinto, which finally won Texas its independence from Mexico in 1836. The San Jacinto Monument was constructed between April 21, 1936 and April 21, 1939 as a memorial to all those who fought to win the independence of Texas. Efforts to design and construct the memorial were led by Houston businessman Jesse H. Jones. The Monument is the tallest masonry column in the world. It is more than 12 feet taller that the Washington Monument. It weights approximately 70 million pounds. The star atop the Monument, which symbolizes the Lone Star State, is 34 feet tall and weighs approximately 220 tons. The Monument is faced with Texas Cordova shellstone, a type of limestone noted for its creamy color and fossilized texture. The friezes around the base of the shaft depict eight important episodes in the history of the Republic of Texas. The carvings were designed by William McVey.